Effect of AlF3 Production Waste on the Properties of Hardened Cement Paste

  • Danutė VAIČIUKYNIENĖ Kaunas University of Technology
  • Vitoldas VAITKEVIČIUS Kaunas University of Technology
  • Aras KANTAUTAS Kaunas University of Technology
  • Vytautas SASNAUSKAS Kaunas University of Technology
Keywords: silica gel, concrete, AlF3 production waste


The possibility to use by-product SiO2·nH2O (often called AlF3 production waste) in cement casting has been attracting the interest of researchers for many years, although high content of fluorine makes the use of amorphous SiO2 problematic. Finding the way of utilizing waste products is a very important research topic at the moment. In this study AlF3 production waste was investigated as the basic ingredient of a new pozzolanic material. The goal of this study is to investigate the possibilities of using AlF3 production waste, washed in ammonia solution, in cement stone specimens. Chemically treated silica gel additive was proved to reduce the amount of Ca(OH)2 and CaCO3 in hardened cement paste samples. Experimental research has revealed that the density in hydrated samples reduces from 2220 kg/m3 to 2030 kg/m3 with the increase of silica gel content from 0 % to 35 %. The compressive strength of samples containing 10 % of silica gel additive increased by 8.04 % compared to the samples without the additive. SiO2 additive used at 10 % and 20 % increased the maximum hydration temperature. In this case, the additive modifies the hydration kinetics.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.18.2.1925