Modification of Textile Materials' Surface Properties Using Chemical Softener

  • Jurgita KOŽENIAUSKIENĖ Kaunas University of Technology
  • Virginija DAUKANTIENĖ Kaunas University of Technology
Keywords: textile, cotton, bamboo, viscose, handle, SEM, washing, softening


In the present study the effect of technological treatment involving the processes of washing or washing and softening with chemical cationic softener "Surcase" produced in Great Britain on the surface properties of cellulosic textile materials manufactured from cotton, bamboo and viscose spun yarns was investigated. The changes in textile materials surface properties were evaluated using KTU-Griff-Tester device and FEI Quanta 200 FEG scanning electron microscope (SEM). It was observed that the worst hand properties and the higher surface roughness are observed of cotton materials if compared with those of bamboo and viscose materials. Also, it was shown that depending on the material structure the handle parameters of knitted materials are the better than the ones of woven fabrics.