Computational Simulation on a Coaxial Substream Powder Feeding Laval Nozzle of Cold Spraying

  • Guosheng HUANG ICDAST
  • Daming GU ICDAST
  • Xiangbo LI Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute
  • Lukuo XING Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute
Keywords: cold spray, computational simulation, Laval Nozzle


In this paper, a substream coaxial powder feeding nozzle was investigated for use in cold spraying. The relationship between nozzle structure and gas flow, the acceleration behavior of copper particles were examined by computational simulation method. Also, one of the nozzle was used to spray copper coating on steel substrate. The simulation results indicate that: the velocity of gas at the center of the nozzle is lower than that of the conventional nozzle. Powders are well restrained near the central line of the nozzle, no collision occurred between the nozzle wall and the powders. This type of nozzle with expansion 3.25 can successfully deposit copper coating on steel substrate, the copper coating has low porosity about 3.1 % – 3.8 % and high bonding strength about 23.5 MPa – 26.8 MPa.