Wood surface roughness: an impact of wood species, grain direction and grit size

  • Justina Vitosytė Kaunas University of Technology
  • Kristina UKVALBERGIENĖ Kaunas University of Technology
  • Gintaras KETURAKIS Kaunas University of Technology
Keywords: surface roughness, sanding, grit size, wood grain direction


For the research the samples of ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.), birch (Betula L.), black alder (Alnus glutinosa L.), Scots pine (Pinus Sylvestris L.) and spruce (Picea abies L.) wood were used with dimensions of 270×215×15 mm. All wood samples were tangentially planed, defect free and kiln dried. Before the research, the average moisture content, wood density, number of annual rings per 1 cm, average width of annual ring and wood surface grain direction were evaluated. Different wood surface roughness of the samples was obtained sanding wood samples in the eccentric sanding stand, using standard open-type sandpaper with different grit size. The arithmetic mean value of the single roughness depths of consecutive sampling lengths parameter Rz of the sanded wood samples were measured in five sectors along the wood grain, across and in the angle of 45°, using a contact stylus profilometer. In total 1800 measurements were done during testing series. Obtained measurement results were processed by digital Gaussian filter according to DIN EN ISO 11562. In the research the dependence of wood surface on wood species, grain direction and grit size of abrasive material was evaluated.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.21.2.5882

Author Biography

Justina Vitosytė, Kaunas University of Technology
Department of Materials Engineering, PhD student