Microstructuring of electrospun mats employing femtosecond laser

  • Erika Adomavičiūtė Kaunas University of Technology
  • Tomas TAMULEVIČIUS Kaunas University of Technology
  • Linas ŠIMATONIS Kaunas University of Technology
  • Eglė FATARAITĖ-URBONIENĖ Kaunas University of Technology
  • Edgaras STANKEVIČIUS Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
  • Sigitas TAMULEVIČIUS Kaunas University of Technology
Keywords: electrospinning, Poly(vinyl alcohol), femtosecond laser, micro fabrication, scaffold

Abstract

Electrospun mats from nano/micro-fibers with control porosity and pore shape may be ideal candidate for tissue engineering scaffolds. In this study three type of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) mats of 48-65 µm thickness with different nano/micro-fibers diameters mostly of 100-200 nm were deposited by electrospinning process. Controlled density porosity in the electrospun mats was introduced by Yb:KGW femtosecond laser micromachining system. The influence of electrospun mat micro structure, the distance between the adjacent laser ablation points, the number of femtosecond laser pulses on quality and structure of laser irradiated holes were investigated. It was demonstrated that the quality of irradiated holes depend on structure of electrospun mats (diameter of nano/micro-fibers, thickness of mats) and femtosecond laser processing parameters. Varying the distance between points and number of applied femtosecond laser pulses it is possible to fabricate electrospun mats with pores of 22-36 μm diameter.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.21.1.10249

Published
2015-03-25
Section
POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES