A Room-temperature Hydrogen Gas Sensor Using Palladium-decorated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube/Si Heterojunction

  • Yong Gang DU
  • Hai Xia ZHENG
  • Hao NI
Keywords: gas sensor, carbon nanotube, heterojunction

Abstract

We report a room-temperature (RT) hydrogen gas (H2) sensor based on palladium-decorated single-walled carbon nanotube/Si (Pd-SWNTs/Si) heterojunction. The current-voltage (I-V) curves of the Pd-SWNTs/Si heterojunction in different concentrations of H2 were measured. The experimental results reveal that the Pd-SWNTs/Si heterojunction exhibits high H2 response. After exposure to 0.02 %, 0.05 %, and 0.1 % H2 for 10 min, the resistance of the heterojunction increases dramatically. The response is 122 %, 269 % and 457 %, respectively. A simple interfacial theory is used to understand the gas sensitivity results. This approach is a step toward future CNTs-based gas sensors for practical application.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.22.2.12925

Published
2016-06-01
Section
ELECTRONIC AND OPTICAL MATERIALS