Surface Property and Stability of Transparent Superhydrophobic Coating Based on SiO2-Polyelectrolyte Multilayer
Artificial superhydrophobic films were deposited onto a glass slide by performing layer-by-layer deposition of 3.5 bilayers of poly(allylamine hydrochloride)/ poly(acrylic acid) polyelectrolyte, followed by a layer of SiO2 nanoparticles of various amounts to enhance the surface roughness and a fluorosilane to reduce the surface free energy. Higher SiO2 content incorporated into the films resulted in rougher surface and higher water contact angle. The total surface free energy determined by using the Owens-Wendt equation dramatically decreased from 31.46 mJ·m-2 for the film having the relatively flat surface to only 1.16 mJ·m-2 for the film having the highest surface roughness of 60.2 ± 1.1 nm. All the films were optically transparent and had excellent adhesion based on the peel test. Indoor and accelerated weathering tests revealed good weathering stability.
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