Thermal and Electrical Characterization of the Carbon Nanofibers Based Cement Composites

  • Agnieszka ŚLOSARCZYK Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Structural Engineering, Poland
  • Waldemar PICHÓR AGH - University of Science and Technology
  • Maksymilian FRĄC AGH - University of Science and Technology
Keywords: thermal and electrical properties, cement paste, surface treatment, carbon nanofibers

Abstract

The paper describes the influence of chemical modification of vapor grown carbon nanofibers (VGCnFs) on the thermal and electrical properties of the cement composites. The surface modification of nanofibers was performed by means of ozone and nitric acid treatments. It was shown that the oxidized carbon nanofibers surface plays an important role in shaping the mechanical and especially electrical properties of cement composite. For cement matrix modified with carbon nanofibers subjected to oxidized treatment, the slightly increase of cement paste resistivity was observed. It confirms the better adhesion of carbon nanofibers to cement paste. However, independently of carbon nanofibers modification, the occurrence of VGCnFs in cement paste increased the electrical conductivity of the composite in comparison to the cement paste without fibers. The obtained values of electrical resistivity were comparable with values of cement composites modified with 4 mm long carbon fibers. Moreover, it was shown that the chemical modification of carbon nanofibers surface does not influence on the thermal properties of cement composites. In case of cement paste with unmodified and modified carbon nanofibers, the Seebeck voltage was proportional to the temperature difference and was independent of the oxidation degree of carbon nanofibers.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.23.2.14993

Author Biography

Agnieszka ŚLOSARCZYK, Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Structural Engineering, Poland

Published
2017-02-14
Section
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS