Doped Graphene as Non-Metallic Catalyst for Fuel Cells

  • Adriana MARINOIU National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street no. 4,Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania
  • Mircea RACEANU
  • Elena CARCADEA
  • Mihai VARLAM
  • Amalia SOARE
  • Ioan STEFANESCU
Keywords: iodine doped graphene, catalyst, fuel cell, electrophilic substitution

Abstract

Aiming a commercial development of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), a low cost, sustainable and high performance electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) with capability to replace/reduce rare metals, are high desirable. In this paper, we present a class of doped graphene, namely iodinated graphene with highly ORR electrochemical performances, synthesized by using the electrophilic substitution method. The prepared samples were characterized by different techniques, including Scanning Electron Microscopy SEM, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS, Raman spectroscopy, surface area measurement by BET method, that revealed the structure and morphology. The most highly iodinated graphene was tested in a single cell by measuring the cyclic voltammetry. The electrochemical performances were evaluated and compared with a typical PEMFC configuration, when a single cathodic peak at 0.2 V with a current density of – 3.67 mA cm-2 for the Pt/C electrode was obtained. The best electrochemical performances in terms of electrochemical active area, was obtained for a new concept of cathode composed from Pt/C – iodine doped graphene, when a well-defined peak centred at 0.23 V with a current density of approx. – 9.1 mA cm-2 was obtained, indicating a high catalytic activity for ORR.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.23.2.16216

Author Biography

Adriana MARINOIU, National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street no. 4,Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania
National Center for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Published
2017-02-14
Section
ELECTRONIC AND OPTICAL MATERIALS