Effect of Thermo-Treatment on the Physical and Mechanical, Color, Fungal Durability of Wood of Tectona Grandis and Gmelina Arborea from Forest Plantations

  • Luis Diego MÉNDEZ-MEJÍAS Maestría en Ciencias Forestales, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica
  • Roger MOYA Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica
Keywords: wood, thermo-treatment, dimensional stability, durability, shrinking, color, densitylity, density


This study evaluated the effect of thermo-treatment (THT) at 4 temperatures on the density, shrinking, mass loss, moisture absorption, color, durability in terms of resistance to decay, flexural strength, tensile adhesion of glue line and the infrared spectrum of the wood of Tectona grandis and Gmelina arborea. Sapwood, heartwood and radial and tangential grain patterns were studied. The results showed that the THT temperature decreases the density, the percentage of moisture absorption, the modulus of elasticity and modulus of rupture in the flexure test and the tensile adhesion of glue line. The percentage of shrinking and durability presented irregular behavior relative to the THT temperature. The percentage of mass loss increased with increasing THT temperature in both species. The total color change (∆E*) of thermo-treated wood (THTwood) also increased with increasing THT temperature. Sapwood of T. grandis and G. arborea, having clearer shades, showed a more noticeable color change compared to hardwood; however, no significant differences were obtained between some of the THT temperatures.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.24.1.17545