Synthesis, Characterization of Metal-Schiff Base Functionalized Mesoporous Silica for Pesticide Adsorption
The mesoporous silica modified by salicylaldimine was prepared through a co-condensation method. Through the bridge effect from metal ion (copper ion, zinc ion, manganese ion), the model drug-avermectin was supported on the metal-Schiff base functionalized mesoporous silica (M-MCM-41) to form a highly efficient adsorbents for pesticide
delivery and removal. The experimental results showed that the sequence in adsorption capacity (AC)
for avermectin (AVM) of various mesoporous silica in different adsorption time was
Zn-MCM-41 > Cu-MCM-41 > Mn-MCM-41 > MCM-41 > SA-MCM-41. The AC of Zn-MCM-41 was 151 mg/g, while the MCM-41 was 78 mg/g which increased nearly 100 % after modification due to its strongest coordination ability. The FT-IR and XPS results confirmed the existence of coordination bond between SA-MCM-41 and metal ions as well as the coordination bond between M-MCM-41 and avermectin. The kinetic data and the equilibrium isotherms are modeled by three kinetic models, the pseudo-first-order, the pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion, and two isotherm models, Langmuir and Freundlich, respectively. The kinetic mechanism of the adoption changed from physical adsorption to the intraparticle diffusion due to the stronger interaction between avermectin and the mesoporous silica through coordination. Adsorption isotherm of the samples were well-represented by Freundlich model which indicated that the adsorption was reversible.
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