Study of the Sound Absorption Performance of Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Foam Materials
Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate (EVA) polymer foam was prepared using a mold for this investigation. The effect of the cell structure parameters and pore filling gas type on the sound absorption performance of the EVA foam materials were analyzed in terms of their sound absorption capability. The results show that the cell size, cell wall thickness and pore filling gas type have significant influence on the sound absorption performance. When the cell size is 71.3 μm, at low frequency (1000 Hz) the absorption coefficient was the largest at 0.487 and the absorption effect was good. With the increase of the cell wall thickness, the peak value of the sound absorption coefficient first increased and then decreased, and gradually transferred to the low frequency area. When the cell wall thicknesses were 14.3 μm, the foam material had optimal sound absorption properties. The cell filling gas was hydrogen, the EVA foam material had optimal sound absorption effect, and the sound absorption peak value was 0.553 at 800 Hz in the low frequency range (Ⅰ), the sound absorption performance of the foamed materials was ideal.
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