Preparation and Electrochemical Testing of Polyaniline (PANI) Nanoparticles with Uniform Morphology and Good Dispersion in a Water-task-specific Ionic Liquid Medium

Dingjun ZHANG, Yuxian CHEN, Xue BAI, Xianwen LI, Yingxia MA, Zhenbin CHEN


Polyaniline (PANI) nanoparticles with uniform morphology and good dispersion were prepared by using the task-specific Ionic Liquid (IL) 1-ester-3-methyl-imidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([EAMIM]BF4) as a soft template by chemical oxidation in a water-IL medium. The morphological, structural and electronic properties of polyaniline (PANI) products, controlled by the IL [EAMIM]BF4, were synthesized and investigated. Products were characterized by SEM, FT-IR and the measurements of conductivity. The addition of [EAMIM]BF4 strongly influenced the morphology, uniformity, and conductivity of the PANI. Depending on the [EAMIM]BF4:ANI ratio, various nanostructures of PANI could be prepared and the dominant morphologies are the rod-like and fiber-like elongated structures under most experimental conditions. Samples prepared in the presence of IL [EAMIM]BF4 show uniform morphology, good dispersion and good electrochemical performance. At the current density of 0.5 A/g, the specific capacitance of PANI was 396 F.g-1. Compared with the PANI without ionic liquids, the specific capacitance was increased by 165 F.g-1.


PANI; ionic liquid; morphology; electrochemical performance

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Print ISSN: 1392–1320
Online ISSN: 2029–7289