Study on Influence of Aggregate Combination and Inhibition Material ofAlkali-silica Reaction in Fully-Graded Concrete
The influences of aggregate combination and inhibitor additives on the Alkali-silica Reaction (ASR) were studied in this research. A long-term alkali activity simulation of fully-graded concrete also was carried out. The results showed that replacement of artificial sandstone sand with artificial marble sand reduced the alkali activity expansion rate of the sandstone aggregate and effectively improved the inhibition effect of the aggregate when mixed with 35 % fly ash. Activated silica in the fly ash was crushed into particles and was mixed into each part of the concrete system. It transformed the limited parts into unlimited active centers. As a result, each center participated in the reaction and consumed the alkali. Inhibition of the ASR was effective when the fly-ash content of the ASR-1 was 15 %, while in the ASR-2, the fly-ash did not have a significant inhibition effect. During a long-term simulation, the expansion rate of theconcrete specimens after standard curing at 20 °C was higher than was the expansion rate after outdoor natural curing. The expansion rate of full sandstone concrete specimens was higher than was that of sandstone specimens that contained marble stone.
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