Characterization of Ni3Al Alloy Fabricated by Thermal Explosion and Hot Extrusion Process
AbstractIn the present paper, the trace B doped Ni3Al alloy was prepared by the thermal explosion and hot extrusion (TH/HE) technique. Its micro-structure characterization and mechanical properties were carried out by OM, XRD, TEM, compression and micro-hardness tests. Micro-structure examinations exhibit that the TH/HE technology has transformed the powders into Ni3Al alloy with less porosity. In the synthesized part, coarse and ultrafine Ni3Al grains comprise the dual-scale grain structure with segregated Al2O3 particles along grain boundary. TEM observations reveal that γ-Ni, Al2O3 and Ni3Al phases coexist in the synthesized part. Moreover, the Al2O3 particles in the synthesized part have α-Al2O3 and γ-Al2O3 two crystal structures. In addition, there is a transition region along the interface of Al2O3 and Ni3Al grain. The subsequent hot extrusion optimize the micro-structure of the extruded part by homogenizing the Ni3Al grain, uniformly distributing Al2O3 and generating massive substructures. The great deformation results in the pile-up of dislocations, intersected dislocations and substructures. Moreover, the movement of dislocation promotes the formation of micro-twinning in the Ni3Al grain, which is accompanied with the stacking faults and nano-structure. The mechanical properties exhibit that the micro-structure optimization caused by the TE/HE technology improves the compressive ductility and strength of the Ni3Al alloy obviously.
The copyrights for articles in this journal are retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open-access journal, articles are free to use with proper attribution in educational and other non-commercial settings.