The Influence of Three-Layer Knitted Fabrics’ Structure on Electrostatic and Comfort Properties
In our times, when electricity and electrical devices are around us every day, it is very important to be protected from electrostatic discharge. The best protection from electric charge dissipation provides conductive textile materials. For the last few decades fine and flexible conductive yarns were developed, which ensure very good electrostatic properties. Unfortunately, due to their chemical nature, these yarns do not distinguish good comfort properties. The main purpose of development of such textiles is to determine the influence of conductive yarns and hollow fiber yarns arrangements in the middle layer of the three layer weft-knitted fabrics to electrostatic and comfort properties. So, in order to have flexible textile materials with good electrostatic and comfort properties, multifunctional three layer weft-knitted fabrics of combined pattern were designed and manufactured for this research work. Two groups of polyester based three layer knitted fabrics with different arrangement of conductive yarns (such as carbon core yarn and polyester silver coated yarn) and polyester yarn of special design (Coolmax®, Thermolite®) were investigated. The parameters of electrostatic characteristics, such as surface and vertical resistances as well as charge decay properties were measured. The results have showed that all tested fabrics have excellent shielding properties. The main influence on the electrostatic properties of tested fabrics has the arrangement of conductive carbon core yarns inserted in the knits. In order to evaluate the comfort of knitted fabrics the air permeability, hygroscopicity, time of absorption and drying degree of fabrics were evaluated. It was determined, that the values of comfort parameters depend on the quantity and distribution of Coolmax® and Thermolite® yarns in the fabrics.
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