Pyrolysis and Oxidation of PAN in Dry Air. Thermoanalytical Methods

  • Anna BIEDUNKIEWICZ West Pomeranian University of Technology
  • Pawel FIGIEL West Pomeranian University of Technology
  • Marta SABARA West Pomeranian University of Technology
Keywords: PAN, DMF, pyrolysis, oxidation, thermoanalysis


The results of investigations on pyrolysis and oxidation of pure polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and its mixture with N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) under non-isothermal conditions at linear change of samples temperature in time are presented. In each case process proceeded in different way. During pyrolysis of pure PAN the material containing mainly the product after PAN cyclization was obtained, while pyrolysis of PAN+DMF mixture gave the product after cyclization and stabilization. Under conditions of measurements, in both temperature ranges, series of gaseous products were formed.For the PAN-DMF system measurements at different samples heating rates were performed. The obtained results were in accordance with the kinetics of heterogeneous processes theory. The process rates in stages increased along with the temperature increase, and TG, DTG and HF function curves were shifted into higher temperature range. This means that the process of pyrolysis and oxidation of PAN in dry air can be carried out in a controlled way.