Fire Resistance Tests of Various Fire Protective Coatings

  • Mindaugas GRIGONIS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Romualdas MAČIULAITIS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Donatas LIPINSKAS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Keywords: fire protective coatings, intumescent coatings, fire resistance, stee, thermoinsulative properties


Tests were carried out on more than 14 different samples of fire protective coatings in order to investigate a relation between the thickness of the intumescent fire protection coating and the time of exposure to heat. A number of coatings of different chemical composition enabled to determine the fire resistance behaviour patterns. During test the one-side and volumetric methods were employed in observance of the standard temperature-time curves. For one-side method, the coating was applied on one side and all edges of the specimen, whereas for volumetric test the specimens were completely covered with fire protective coating. It is shown that a layer of coating protects the specimen's surface from heat exposure for a certain period of time until full oxidation of the coating occurs. The efficiency of fire protective coatings also depends on thickness of the charred layer of the side exposed to heat.