Influence of Chemical Surface Modification of Woven Fabrics on Ballistic and Stab Protection of Multilayer Packets

  • Diana GRINEVIČIŪTĖ Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
  • Aušra ABRAITIENĖ Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
  • Audronė SANKAUSKAITĖ Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
  • Danutė Marijona TUMĖNIENĖ Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
  • Laima LENKAUSKAITĖ Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
  • Rimantas BARAUSKAS Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
Keywords: bullet proof vest, shear thickening fluid, aramid fiber, ballistic resistance, stab resistance

Abstract

In order to achieve enhanced protective and wear (flexibility, less bulkiness) properties of ballistic and stab protecting panels the investigation of chemical surface modification of woven p-aramid fabrics was performed applying different chemical composition shear thickening fluid (STF) which improves friction inside fabric structure. For the chemical treatment silicic acid and acrylic dispersion water solutions were used and influence of their different concentrations on panels’ protective properties were investigated. Results of ballistic tests of multilayer protective panel have revealed that shear thickening effect was negligible when shooting at high energy range (E > 440 J). Determination of stab resistance of p-aramid panels has shown that different chemical composition of STFs had different influence on protective properties of the panels. Application of low concentrations of silicic acid determined higher stab resistance values comparing to higher concentrations of acrylic dispersion water solutions. At this stage of research stab tests results as ballistic ones determined that STF application for multilayer p-aramid fabrics protective panels is more efficient at low strike energy levels.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.20.2.3138

Author Biography

Diana GRINEVIČIŪTĖ, Textile Institute of Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
Head of Personal Protective Equipment Research Department
Published
2014-06-13
Section
TEXTILE MATERIALS