Influence of Structure of Multilayer System on Functional Characteristics of Clothing for Firefighters

Diana Grinevičiūtė, Lina VALASEVIČIŪTĖ, Romualda BAGDONIENĖ, Paulė BEKAMPIENĖ, Virginija TAMULIENĖ


In this work investigation of influence of the relief surface structure of textile materials on protective and comfort properties of multilayer system used for firefighters clothing was performed. For the research different types of multilayer systems consisting of outer shell, thermal and moisture barrier layers and lining were formed. After testing of fabrics mechanical and physical characteristics it was revealed that the structure of a separate fabric layer had a direct influence on protective and comfort properties of a multilayer system of firefighter’s garment. In order to decrease a total weight of the protective garment, multilayer systems formed of lower area density fabrics having relief surface were compared to the systems having flat relief. The results showed that systems composed of relief structure fabrics ensured the required level of protection creating additional air gaps, also low weight of the systems improved wearing comfort properties.



firefighters clothing, moisture and heat transfer, multilayer textile system, protective properties, wearing comfort

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Print ISSN: 1392–1320
Online ISSN: 2029–7289