The Influence of Crushed Concrete Demolition Waste Aggregates on the Hardening Process of Concrete Mixtures

  • Olga FINOŽENOK Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Ramunė ŽURAUSKIENĖ Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Rimvydas ŽURAUSKAS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Keywords: concrete waste, recycled aggregate, filler aggregate, microstructure, exothermic effect


Concrete – complex structure composite material consisting of the components with various structure and size. Not only coarse and fine aggregates are used in concrete production, but also filler aggregates. Aggregates of natural, man-made origin or aggregates, produced from recycled materials, can be utilised in concrete production. Aggregates can be produced from recycled materials by reprocessing of concrete and reinforced concrete waste.

The influence of the filler aggregates produced from the crushed concrete waste on the characteristics of binder’s paste, when part of the binder (5; 10; 15; 20; 25; 30 %) is replaced by such filler aggregate, is analysed in the research.

Concrete mixtures with natural aggregates and crushed concrete waste were selected and concrete mixtures of required consistence were produced during the research. Exothermic reactions take place during the hardening of concrete mixture, at that time the heat is dissipated, which increases the temperature of the concrete sample. Thus the exothermic processes were investigated during the concrete’s mixture hardening period and the temperatures of exothermic reactions were determined.