Analysis of Mechanical Properties of Fabrics of Different Raw Material

Aušra ADOMAITIENĖ, Eglė KUMPIKAITĖ

Abstract


The study analyzes dependence of mechanical properties (breaking force, elongation at break, static friction force and static friction coefficient) on integrated fabric structure factor j and raw material density r, among the fabrics of different raw material (cotton, wool, polypropylene, polyester and polyacrylnitrile) and woven in different conditions. The received results demonstrate that sometimes strong dependences exist (wool, polypropylene and polyacrylnitrile), whereas in some cases (cotton and polyester) there is no correlation. It was also discovered that the breaking force and elongation at break in the direction of weft increase, when fabric structure becomes more rigid. In the meantime variations of the curves in the direction of warp are insignificant. Regarding static friction force and static friction coefficient (found in two cases, when fabrics were rubbing against leather and materials), it was discovered that consistency of the curves is irregular, i. e. they either increase or decrease, when integrated fabric structure factor j growth. It was also identified that some dependences are not strong and relationship between explored and analyzed factors does not exist. Variation of all these mechanical properties with respect to material density r enables to conclude that increase of material density r results in poor dependences or they are whatsoever non-existent.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.17.2.487


Keywords


raw material; integrated fabric structure factor; material density; breaking force; elongation at break; static friction; friction coefficient

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Print ISSN: 1392–1320
Online ISSN: 2029–7289