Evaluation of Structure Influence on Thermal Conductivity of Thermal Insulating Materials from Renewable Resources

  • Jolanta VĖJELIENĖ Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Albinas GAILIUS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Sigitas VĖJELIS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Saulius VAITKUS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Giedrius BALČIŪNAS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
Keywords: thermal insulation, renewable resources, straw, structure, thermal conductivity


The development of new thermal insulation materials needs to evaluate properties and structure of raw material, technological factors that make influence on the thermal conductivity of material. One of the most promising raw materials for production of insulation material is straw. The use of natural fibres in insulation is closely linked to the ecological building sector, where selection of materials is based on factors including recyclable, renewable raw materials and low resource production techniques

In current work results of research on structure and thermal conductivity of renewable resources for production thermal insulating materials are presented. Due to the high abundance of renewable resources and a good its structure as raw material for thermal insulation materials barley straw, reeds, cattails and bent grass stalks are used. Macro- and micro structure analysis of these substances is performed. Straw bales of these materials are used for determining thermal conductivity. It was found that the macrostructure has the greatest effect on thermal conductivity of materials. Thermal conductivity of material is determined by the formation of a bale due to the large amount of pores among the stalks of the plant, inside the stalk and inside the stalk wall.