Effect of Recycled Rubber Particles and Silica on Tensile and Tear Properties of Natural Rubber Composites

Velu CHANDRAN, Thomas MANVEL RAJ, Thangavelu LAKSHMANAN

Abstract


Application of scrap rubber and worn out tires in natural rubber compounds has been studied. The scrap rubber can, however, be recycled and compounded with natural rubber and thus can be generated as a rubber composite. In this work, recycled rubber particles (RRP) were prepared using pulverization process. Then, RRP was blended with natural rubber and silica compounds, and it was synthesized by two- roll mill and hydraulic press at specified operating conditions. The samples ranging from 0 to 40 phr of RRP loaded with silica were used as constant filler. The mechanical properties and morphological analysis were carried out. The results showed that tensile strength and elongation at break gradually decreased with increasing RRP loading in natural rubber and silica compounds. Tensile modulus went down at 10 phr of RRP and then showed an increasing trend. Hardness increased up to 30 phr of RRP and tear strength increased up to 20 phr of RRP. A comparative study was also carried out with virgin natural rubber vulcanizates. The incorporation of RRP and silica up to 20 phr in natural rubber did not lower the performance of rubber articles. Morphological studies revealed that better filler dispersion, interfacial adhesion, and cross link density could increase the tensile and tear strengths.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.22.2.7330


Keywords


rubber, natural rubber, recycled rubber particles, mechanical properties, silica, rubber composite

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Print ISSN: 1392–1320
Online ISSN: 2029–7289