Examining the Effects of Oxygen Plasma on Physical and Dyeing Properties of Some Cellulose Fibers

  • Dilara KOCAK marmara university
Keywords: cotton, Agava Americana, artichoke fibers, oxygen plasma treatment, dye exhaustion %, mechanical properties

Abstract

Cotton, Agava Americana and artichoke fibers were treated with plasma with oxygen gas in Diener Vacuum Plasma for 1, 3 and 5 minutes, with 40 kHz low frequency and at 0.3 mbar pressure. After the plasma treatment, fibers' weight loss %, tensile strength, elongation, fiber diameter, surface topography (SEM), colour changes, and light and washing fastness properties were investigated. A positive increase was observed for mechanical and fastness properties after 5 min plasma treatment. The effects of plasma treatments on dyeing properties of fibers were studied. Dyeing properties of plasma treated fibers were improved after 3 min. treatment. SEM results were also proved the improved physical properties and colour changes due to the rough surface structure.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.22.3.9368

Author Biography

Dilara KOCAK, marmara university
textile fiber,blend fibers,polypropylene,medical textiles
Published
2016-09-01
Section
TEXTILE MATERIALS