In Situ Preparation of Titanium Carbide Ceramic Layer on Grey Cast Iron

Lisheng ZHONG, Tiandong WU, Xi ZHANG, Shaozhong FAN, Liangliang WANG, Shili CHEN


In this article, we report the in situ synthesis of TiC ceramic layer between titanium plate and graphite phases in grey cast iron using heat treatment method. The microstructure of the compound region was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the kinetics of the TiC ceramic layer was analyzed. The results revealed that the as-prepared TiC samples were irregularly shaped particles with a size of 1 ~ 8 μm and gradient distribution on the surface of grey cast iron. The thickness of the reaction layers increased gradually as the incubation continued, which were 62, 81, 95 and 108 μm after incubation at 1164 °C for 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours, respectively. Also, it can be recognized that the layer thickness changes in a parabolic style with incubation duration. The formation process of TiC ceramic layer consists of diffusion and in situ reaction of carbon and titanium atoms.



TiC, ceramic, in-situ reaction, microstructure, kinetics

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Print ISSN: 1392–1320
Online ISSN: 2029–7289