Milling Processes and Hydrogen Storage Properties of Mg-Graphene Composites
Keywords:hydrogen storage materials, milling in hydrogen, hydrogen uptake and release rates, microstructure, graphene-added Mg alloy
AbstractGraphene was chosen as an additive to improve the hydrogen uptake and release properties of magnesium (Mg). Five weight percent of graphene was added to Mg or pre-milled Mg by milling in hydrogen (reactive milling). The milling processes and hydrogen uptake and release properties of the graphene-added Mg were investigated. Adding graphene to Mg and then milling the mixture of Mg and graphene in hydrogen for 6 h [named M5G (6 h)] had little effects on the improvement of hydrogen uptake and release properties of Mg. Pre-milling of Mg (for 24 h) and then adding 5 wt.% of graphene by milling in hydrogen (for 30 min) (named M5G) significantly increased the hydrogen uptake and release rates and the quantities of hydrogen absorbed and released for 60 min of Mg. The activation of M5G was completed after cycle number, CN, of two (CN = 2). M5G had a high effective hydrogen-storage capacity of 6.21 wt.% at 623 K in 12 bar H2 at CN = 3. M5G released 0.25 wt.% hydrogen for 2.5 min and 5.28 wt.% hydrogen for 60 min H2 in 1.0 bar H2 at 623 K at CN = 3. Pre-milling of Mg and then adding graphene by milling in hydrogen and hydrogen uptake-release cycling are believed to create defects, produce cracks and clean surfaces, and decrease particle sizes.
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