Arc Characteristics and Weld Bead Microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V Titanium Alloy in Ultra-high Frequency Pulse Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (UHFP-GTAW) Process
Keywords:Ti-6Al-4V, ultra-high frequency pulse GTAW, arc behavior, grain refinement, basket-weave structure
AbstractTo resolve the problem of grain coarsening occurring in the fusion zone and the heat-affected zone during conventional gas tungsten arc welding(C-GTAW) welded titanium alloy, which severely restricts the improvement of weld mechanical properties, welding experiments on Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy by adopting ultra-high frequency pulse gas tungsten arc welding (UHFP-GTAW) technique were carried out to study arc characteristics and weld bead microstructure. Combined with image processing technique, arc shapes during welding process were observed by high-speed camera. Meanwhile the average arc pressure under various welding parameters were obtained by adopting pressure measuring equipment with high-precision. In addition, the metallographic samples of the weld cross section were prepared for observing weld bead geometry and microstructure of the fusion zone. The experimental results show that, compared with C-GTAW, UHFP-GTAW process provides larger arc energy density and higher proportion of arc core region to the whole arc area. Moreover, UHFP-GTAW process has the obviously effect on grain refinement, which can decrease the grain size of the fusion zone. The results also revealed that a significant increase of arc pressure while increasing pulse frequency of UHFP-GTAW, which could improve the depth-to-width ratio of weld beads.
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