Electrochemical Aspects of the Synthesis of Iron Particles
Keywords:iron particles, synthesis, surfactants, reduction, electrochemistry
AbstractThe preparation of Fe-particles by reduction of FeSO4 with either sodium borohydride or lithium triethylborohydride in water, and reverse micelles in rapeseed and mineral oil phases is described in electrochemical terms. The influence of surfactants on the electrochemical parameters and resulting size of iron particles was studied as well. The resulting size of Fe-particles synthesized in water (with and without surfactants) correlates with the determined values of open circuit potential (OCP): the more negative OCP, the obtained Fe-particles are bigger, because values of OCP correspond to different range of polarization determined for the reduction of Fe2+. The sizes of Fe-particles synthesized in water or oil phases without surfactants using LiBEt3H are less than using NaBH4 because of electrochemical factors. By varying oils and surfactants it is possible to obtain opposite results as in water phase: smaller Fe-particles obtained using NaBH4 than using LiBEt3H. It is explained by the simultaneous influence of electrochemical and steric stabilization factors, and the last one becomes dominating in some cases.
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