Efficient and Color-tunable Organic Light-emitting Diodes for Rear Light Application on the Motor Vehicle
Keywords:color-tunable organic light-emitting diodes, automotive lighting, space layer, recombination zone
By designing double emissive layers, orange light-emitting layer (EML) and red EML and a space layer of blending hole-transporting material (HTM) with electron-transporting material (ETM), we have achieved efficient and color-tunable organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). It is found that the red shift of EL spectrum was enhanced when the ratio of HTM to ETM was 5:1. And a maximum current efficiency of 41.17 cd/A was reached. It has been demonstrated that two ultra-thin emissive layers could improve the current efficiency of the OLEDs. The current efficiency of the OLEDs with a 1 nm o;6range EML and a 1 nm red EML was enhanced by 27.4 % as compared to the reference devices. This is a novel approach to realizing voltage-controlled electroluminescence (EL) over different colors and intensity in a single OLED. The color-tunable OLEDs show the potential to be utilized as rear light on motor vehicle. We have investigated the effect of the ratio of HTM to ETM on the efficiency and spectral shift of the OLEDs through the control of recommendation zone.
The copyrights for articles in this journal are retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open-access journal, articles are free to use with proper attribution in educational and other non-commercial settings.