Fabrication of Nickel Coatings on Zirconia Balls by Mechanical Ball Milling and the Process Analysis
Keywords:mechanical coating technique, rotation speed, cold welding, Ni coatings
The Ni coatings were prepared from nickel metal powder and zirconia ceramic balls by mechanical coating technique. The relationship between rotation speed and coatings thickness was studied, the thickness of the coatings was characterized by the weight increase of the zirconia balls after mechanical coating. The composition and microstructure of the coatings with maximum thickness were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). The results revealed that the formation of coatings consists of thickening from the cold welding between Ni particles and the thinning from the exfoliation of coatings work hardening. The thickness of the coatings reaches the maximum when the above two process progress are close to each other. The results proved that higher speed was favor of the coatings formation, the maximum thickness was obtained at the 15 h for rotation speed of 240 rpm, and microscopic images show that the average thickness was about 20 μm.
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