The Influence of Knitting Structure on Mechanical Properties of Weft Knitted Fabrics
Keywords:weft-knitted fabric, knitting structure, deformation, extensibility, strength.
In various knitting structures knitted fabrics are characterized in different extensibility (in a course and wale directions)
and maximum force to rupture. Various combinations of stitches, tucks, and floats give also different width and length of
knit. The goal of this study is to investigate the influence of different knitting structure elements and their position in the
knit on deformation properties of plain weft-knitted fabrics. An investigation was carried out with the fabrics knitted on
a basis of rib 1×1, rib 2×2, and rib 1×1×1×2 on a flat V-bed knitting machine in a gauge 10E. It has been established that
extensibility and strength of the knitted fabrics are immediately concerned with knitting structure. In case of transverse
deformation, the maximum elongation and strength characterized knitted fabrics, which have in a structure just stitches
or in different order ranged stitches and short floats. In case of longitudinal deformation, the maximum elongation and
strength characterized knitted fabrics which have in a structure tucks.
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