Recent Developments in the Deposition of c-BN Coatings


  • Martynas AUDRONIS∗, Algirdas Vaclovas VALIULIS, Paulius SILICKAS Vilnius Gediminas Technical University


c-BN, thin film coatings, mechanical properties.


Cubic boron nitride, c-BN, due to the high strength of its covalent inter-atomic bond, small bond distance, and high coordination number, is the second hardest (HV ≈ 50 GPa) material (the first is diamond with HV ≈ 70 – 90 GPa) available as single crystal. The fact that c-BN does not react readily with ferrous metals, cobalt and nickel; can be deposited in thin film form under standard conditions (1 bar, 298 K); and has a high resistance to oxidation in air to high temperatures of 1000 °C, makes it very attractive for tool applications. Unfortunately c-BN films due to high compressive stress, which can reach values up to 25 GPa and poor adhesion strength of the interface, still reveal themselves to be poor adherent to almost every substrate material. The cause of the high stress is the strong ion bombardment, which in turn is necessary to obtain the cubic modification of boron nitride. In this article brief review of the present status of the research and technological development in deposition of c-BN coatings is presented. The c-BN mechanism, its peculiarities, and mechanical properties are described.