High Temperature Oxidation Resistance Performance of TiC/Mo Composite by Spark Plasma Sintering
Keywords:heat-temperature oxidation, composite materials, TiC, Mo alloy
In this paper, the Titanium carbide/Molybdenum (TiC/Mo) alloy was prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The oxidation process of the TiC/Mo alloy at different oxidation temperatures was studied, and the oxidation mechanism was discussed in depth. The focus is on the influence of the introduction of TiC particles on the high-temperature oxidation properties of Mo alloys. The phase composition and morphology of the oxide film were analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results showed that, after oxidation, the surface oxide film is mainly composed of Titanium dioxide (TiO2), Molybdenum dioxide (MoO2), Molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) and Molybdenum oxide hydrate (MoO3(H2O)2) phases. As the oxidation temperature increases, the surface of the oxide film will warp, and thereby increase porosity. The dense MoO2 will form a protective inner oxide layer and inhibit further progress of the TiC/Mo alloy. Oxygen will undergo violent oxidation through the pores and the inside of the matrix, and the protective MoO2 internal oxide film will disappear. TiC particles dispersed in the matrix will be oxidized to form TiO2, which will be gradually deposited on the surface of the oxide film, hindering the diffusion of oxygen to the matrix. The quantity loss during the entire oxidation process is significantly reduced. Therefore, the introduction of TiC can greatly improve the oxidation resistance of Mo alloys.
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