Effect of M-resin-based Stabilizer on the Performance of SBS Modified Asphalt
Keywords:M-resin, modified asphalt, stabilizer, thermal storage stability, developmental fineness
Industrial solid waste M-resin (MR) contains high sulfur content which was difficult to be comprehensively utilized. According to the vulcanization reaction mechanism, MR was used as vulcanizing agent, nano zinc oxide (ZnO) as an activator, tetramethyl thiuram disulfide (TMTD) as an accelerator to produce M-resin-based stabilizer.
MR (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5), ZnO (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5) and TMTD (0.06, 0.08, 0.1, 0.12, 0.14) were mixed with different contents, a three-factor and five-level orthogonal experiment was designed to test the penetration, ductility, softening point and 48 h softening point difference of SBS modified asphalt. Based on the four indexes, the basic formula of the stabilizer was obtained. The influence of kaolin, an auxiliary material, on the thermal stability was compared, and the formula were optimized, the appropriate dosage was determined. The microscopic morphology of the modified asphalt and SBS developmental fineness was analyzed with the fluorescent microscopy technology, and the SBS developmental fineness was studied with the generated binary graph and skeleton graph. DSR test was carried out to detect rheological properties of modified asphalt with different dosages of MR-based stabilizes. The results show that MR can significantly improve the thermal storage stability of modified asphalt. The ratio of MR:TMTD:ZnO:Kaolin is 1.5:0.5:0.08:12, and the appropriate dosage is 1.02 %. The stabilizer can reduce the 48 h softening point difference 33.6 ℃, increase the softening point 13.6 ℃, decrease the penetration degree 9.7 mm, but it has little effect on 5 ℃ ductility index. The microscopic images show that a cavity two-phase continuous network structure is formed inside the modified asphalt under the appropriate dosage of M-resin-based stabilizer. The SBS developmental fineness is 2.36 μm, and the uniformity is good. DSR test also shows that stabilizer can effectively improve the high temperature performance of SBS modified asphalt.
The copyrights for articles in this journal are retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open-access journal, articles are free to use with proper attribution in educational and other non-commercial settings.