Influence of Laying Angles in Reinforcement of Epoxy in Sisal Plain Woven Structures




sisal, plain woven, tensile strength, flexural strength, Weibull distribution


This study is about microstructure characterization and understanding the flexural properties of plain-woven sisal fabric reinforced epoxy composites. Vibrational Spectroscopy (FTIR) and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) were used to describe the plain-woven sisal fabric and sisal fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Two laying angles were incorporated into the epoxy resin (10 percent), i.e. [0°/90°] and [0°/45°]. To isolate the effect of epoxy type and whether woven sisal fibers were used, an analytical design that is based on [0°/90°] and [0°/45°] orientation used the results. Epoxy treated with woven sisal fibers had a higher tensile (0.62 GPa) and flexural modulus (0.69 GPa) with tensile (17 MPa) and flexural strength (14 MPa) while being applied to a surface that is sloped at 0°/45° and which generates a displacement force of approximately 12 mm and strain 15.8 %. While conventional Weibull failure theory has long been widely used to explain the failure of brittle bulk materials, this new equation integrates that theory with the lay angle effect on flexural strength in plain sisal to calculate flexural strength reinforcement in epoxy. This new method can be applied to any fiber reinforcement, regardless of the type, and in terms of the failure of that reinforcement, which is governed by linear elastic fracture mechanics, and agreement between experimental data sets is excellent. According to our expectations, this theoretical study is going to provide a new method for the advanced strain engineering system to be built using reinforced fibers.