Evaluation of Toxicological Risks of Nail Coatings Containing Acrylate Monomer HEMA
Keywords:coatings, acrylate monomers, cytotoxicity, nail coatings, hydroxyethyl methacrylate
Individuals working in nail salons are exposed to 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA). HEMA has been found to have several effects on the skin: skin itching, peeling, redness and allergic contact dermatitis. The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of nail coatings containing HEMA and 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) on the skin. In this study we explored the irritation properties of HEMA and HPMA containing nail coatings in cell cultures in-vitro and in skin PATCH tests under dermatological control. The cytotoxicity of coatings was tested in BALB/c3T3 and HaCaT cell lines by a neutral red uptake assay. Cytotoxicity was expressed as a concentration-dependent reduction of the uptake of neutral red, compared to the untreated controls. Open patch tests were supervised by a certified dermatologist. Polymerized coating extracts have little effect on Balb/c 3T3 cell viability, while having mild cytotoxic effects on HaCaT keratinocytes. Among two tested samples, extracts of HEMA containing coating exhibited higher cytotoxicity – reduction of keratinocyte viability by 28.29 % in case of undiluted 24 h extract and even by 48.26 % in case of 50 % extract was observed. Coating cytotoxiaty observed on HaCaT showed that the keratinocyte cell line was more sensitive to HEMA than to HPMA containing coating.
The copyrights for articles in this journal are retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open-access journal, articles are free to use with proper attribution in educational and other non-commercial settings.