Blue/NIR-emitting Phosphor Based on Sr2CeO4: Tm3+, Yb3+ Obtained by Combustion Synthesis


  • Nelson OSHOGWUE ETAFO Autonomous University of Coahuila
  • Joshua Omar CARRANZA Autonomous University of Coahuila
  • Carlos Eduardo RODRIGUEZ GARCIA Autonomous University of Coahuila
  • Jorge OLIVA CONACYT-Instituto Potosino de Ciencia y Tecnología
  • Efrain VIESCA-VILLANUEVA Autonomous University of Coahuila
  • Ernesto HERNÁNDEZ-HERNÁNDEZ Centro de Investigacion en Quimica Aplicada
  • Alejandro SANTIBAÑEZ Centro de Investigacion en Quimica Aplicada
  • Oscar GOMEZ-ZAVALA Autonomous University of Coahuila



combustion synthesis, ytterbium, thulium, blue emission


In this study, pure Sr2CeO4 (SCO) and codoped Sr2CeO4:Tm3+, Yb3+ (SCO:Tm, Yb) of powder phosphors were synthesized by a combustion technique. The concentration of Tm3+ was fixed at 0.5 mol %, while the Yb3+ doping concentration was varied from 0 to 7.0 mol %. The crystalline structure, morphology and luminescence properties were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and photoluminescence spectroscopy, respectively. The XRD analysis shows the crystalline orthorhombic phase for all synthesized samples of SCO and SCO: Tm, Yb. The SEM results show that the doped sample with 5.0 mol % Yb3+ has the lowest grain particle size of 1.92 mm. The SCO:Tm, Yb phosphors produce mainly blue and near infrared emission bands centered at 481 nm and 813 nm (under 980 nm, excitation) which corresponds respectively to 1G43H6 and 3H43H6 transitions of Tm3+. In addition, the international commission on illumination CIE coordinates were calculated for all samples taking the range of 400  700 nm obtaining for the 5.0 mol % Tm3+ doped sample the coordinates: (x,y) = (0.0833, 0.1671) which match with pure blue color. Due to the strong blue and near infrared emissions, the SCO:Tm, Yb phosphors could be good candidates for use in biomarkers or lighting applications.