Green Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles Using Ginkgo Biloba Laf Extract
Keywords:silver nanoparticles, green method, Ginkgo Biloba, powder technology
A facile, effective and green method using Ginkgo Biloba leaf extract was applied and optimized for the preparation of well dispersed silver nanoparticles. In the method, Ginkgo Biloba leaf extract was employed as both stabilizing and reducing agent without the addition of a toxic agent. 0.1 % silver nitrate solution (w/v) was used silver source. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were investigated and examined by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy (UV-vis), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Dynamic light scattering (DLS). The formation of silver nanoparticles was found by a change of color from light yellow to red, which was further proved by absorbance peak at 456 nm in UV-vis spectroscopy. The prepared nanoparticles are global in shape, highly crystalline in nature with a narrow distribution from 10 nm to 40 nm. The silver nanoparticles were capped with extracts, which prevented them from agglomeration and oxidation. Different parameters affecting the generation performance of silver nanoparticles, such as time, amount of silver nitrate and extract were investigated. The results demonstrate that these reaction parameters play important roles in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles.
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