Use of Waste Phonolite as Filler Material in Flexible Asphalt Pavements
Keywords:Marshall design, hot mix asphalt, phonolite waste, mineral filler, sustainability
In the scope of the study, the use of waste phonolite (PW) obtained from phonolite wastewater formed during the processing of phonolite stone blocks as filler in hot-mix asphalt (HMA) was investigated. For this purpose, samples were produced with 4 %, 5 %, and 6 % PW mineral filler and 5 % limestone (LS) mineral filler. Phonolite supplied as waste was sieved through a sieve no 200 and made ready for use as a filler. HMA specimens were prepared with PW and LS at the rates of 3.5 %, 4 %, 4.5 %, 5 %, 5.5 %, and 6 % bitumen. For each filler ratio, a bituminous hot mix design was made by the Marshall method and optimum bitumen ratios (OBR) were determined. Bituminous hot mixture specimens were prepared based on OBR. Retained Marshall stability (RMS) test, indirect tensile strength (ITS), and moisture damage resistance tests and Marshall stability (MS) test after the freeze-thaw (F-T) cycle was applied to the prepared Marshall samples. The results obtained were evaluated according to the Turkish Highway Technical Specification (HTS). As a result, it was determined that the PW could be used as filler in HMA under low-intensity traffic.
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