Fabrication of Functional Coating Layer for Emerging Transparent Electrodes using Antimony Tin Oxide Nano-colloid





ATO powder, spin-coating, transparent electrode, nano-colloid, wet grinding


This study fabricated a functional coating layer for transparent electrodes using antimony tin oxide nanopowder. The wet grinding method was employed to create a stable dispersion solution of antimony tin oxide nanopowder with aminopropyl tri-methoxysilane and acetyl acetone as primary dispersing agents. Various concentrations of these dispersing agents were used to determine optimal conditions, followed by a gel reaction to form a stable solution. The primary objective was to provide a viable alternative to indium-based transparent electrodes, specifically indium tin oxide, by incorporating antimony oxide. This approach not only addresses limitations associated with indium, but also enhances mechanical properties. The methodology involves the utilization of antimony tin oxide nanopowder and various solvents including ethanol and aforementioned dispersing agents to create a stable antimony tin oxide sol through wet grinding. Effects of dispersant concentration and milling time on the secondary particle size of the antimony tin oxide sol were thoroughly evaluated. Furthermore, this study examined sheet resistance of resulting coating layers by conducting a comparative analysis between antimony tin oxide and indium tin oxide under similar conditions. Findings of this study meticulously detailed in subsequent sections of the manuscript provide valuable insights into optimizing the entire process, encompassing synthesis, coating, heat treatment, and the production of high-quality transparent conductive coatings. These techniques and outcomes can significantly contribute to the development of more sustainable and cost-effective alternatives to traditional indium-based transparent electrodes.