Near Dry Powder Mixed Electric Discharge Machining of AA7050 Hybrid Composites Utilizing Composite Tool Materials




composite tools, near-dry electric discharge machining, electric discharge machining, stir casting, friction stir processing, TOPSIS


Electric Discharge Machining (EDM) is a prominent technique for producing components with complex geometry and intricate shapes. However, productivity depends on the selection of optimal input variables. This research investigates EDM and Near-Dry EDM (NDEDM) on AA7050 hybrid composites, exploring the impact of tool materials, Al2O3 powder concentration, and dielectric fluids on Material Removal Rate (MRR) and Surface Roughness (Ra). NDEDM offers a higher MRR due to localized heating and energy concentration, while hydrocarbon oil EDM provides lower Ra due to cooling and lubrication. Tool material properties, thermal conductivity and bonding strength, affect MRR and TWR. Aluminum composite tools via stir casting display a strong bonding interface, leading to efficient energy transfer and higher MRR, while copper composite tools via friction stir processing exhibit weaker bonding, potentially reducing MRR. Hydrocarbon oil significantly lowers TWR due to effective lubrication and cooling, while near dry EDM results in slightly higher TWR. Al2O3 powder enhances MRR, with an optimal concentration of 1 g/l, while higher concentrations hinder MRR. The presence of Al2O3 powder enhanced the surface quality by reducing the size of the recast layers and producing a smoother surface. Globules, craters, microcracks, pock marks and re-casted layers are the noticeable features spotted on the surface. The results were optimized using the TOPSIS optimization technique and process parameters 32 A current, 30 µs Ton, 3 mm gap distance machined under 3 g/l Al2O3 incorporated hydrocarbon oil dielectric medium using copper composites tool proffers optimal machining performance.