Near-infrared Spectrum Characteristics of Micro-Nano Material Based Diffraction Optical Devices




near-infrared, finite-difference time-domain, diffractive optics micro and nanostructures, diffractive properties


Diffractive optics devices are optical devices in which the amplitude or phase of the incident light is spatially modulated periodically by a micro-nanomaterial based structure. The study of diffractive optics devices in the field of micro and nano can change the spectroscopic behavior of micro and nano diffractive optics devices by varying the microstructure of the structure and the optical wave properties, which can effectively and reasonably modulate the optical wave signal. To study the effect of different parameter structures on the performance of micro-nano diffraction optical devices, in this paper, two three-dimensional array structures of diffractive optical devices are proposed, which are a vertex-intersecting regular tetrahedron structure and a base-intersecting regular frustum structure. Using the Finite-Difference Time-Domain method, the spectroscopic images of the diffractive optics of the constructed micro-nano diffractive devices are studied in the near-infrared band by varying the height of the constructed structures, the type of structures, the wavelength of the incident light waves, and the polarization direction of the light waves in different 3D height coordinates. The effects of different parameter changes on the performance of the micro-nano diffractive optics devices were analyzed by image comparison. The results show that the best diffraction effect is achieved at a structure height of 0.9 μm for both models with different structure types. The study of both structures at this structure height reveals that the location of diffraction occurrence and the intensity of diffraction can be tuned by varying the structure and the relevant parameters such as the polarization of the light wave. This paper has some theoretical applications for the study of high-performance diffractive optics.