New Materials for Controlling Water Inrush and Sealing Tunnel Karst Pipes


  • Zhenjun WANG Shandong Transportation Research Institute
  • Qingsong ZHANG Shandong University
  • Bing HUI Shandong Transportation Research Institute
  • Rentai LIU Shandong University
  • Daoguo TIAN Jinan HuangHe Road and Bridge Construction Group Co., Ltd
  • Yueqi ZHAO Jinan Quality Safety Engineering Testing Co., LTD



karst pipe inrush water, WIS grouting material, modified design, swelling crosslinking


Water inrush disasters in karst areas have caused great losses to underground engineering construction, so it is urgent to control water gushing disasters in karst pipelines. In this paper, solution polymerization is used to prepare a grouting and sealing expanded matrix material to control disasters. Noncovalent weak interactions were used to improve the surface properties of the expanded matrix material, the effects of the natural polymer content on the properties of the matrix material were studied, and a modified expanded matrix material with an optimal response rate was prepared. A cross-linked curing agent (CCA) was developed and synthesized, and a new cross-linked expansive grouting and sealing material (WIS grouting material) with various particle sizes was synthesized with noncovalent interactions such as hydrogen bonding, static electricity, van der Waals forces, etc. The results showed that a 4 % solution polymer content (accounting for the particle mass of the expanded matrix) was the optimal dosage, and the optimal ratio of the modified expansion matrix material to the crosslinking curing agent was 1:1. The early compressive strength exceeded 0.2 MPa, and the water absorption rate reached 170 times. There was a power function relationship between the water absorption rate and time, and the rate was controlled by adjusting the particle sizes. The mechanism through which the WIS grouting material underwent expansion and crosslinking was explained at the microscopic level. The gel formed in response to water resisted dispersion in dynamic water and rapidly sealed karst pipe water gushers. This paper proposes a novel approach to utilizing the expansion characteristics of polymer chemical synthetic materials for crosslinking to seal karst pipe water gushers, effectively addressing the issue of poor resistance to dynamic water dispersion in traditional grouting materials used in karst areas. These results provide a scientific basis for the development and application of new materials to control water inrush in karst pipes.