Thermal Analysis of Braille Formed by Using Screen Printing and Inks with Thermo Powder


  • Svіtlana HAVENKO Technical University of Lodz
  • Victoria KOCHUBEI Lviv Polytechnic National University
  • Marta LABETSKA Ukrainian Academy of Printing
  • Svitlana KHADZHYNOVA Technical University of Lodz
  • Edmundas KIBIRKŠTIS Kaunas University of Technology
  • Ingrida Venytė



Braille printed using screen printing, screen printing inks with thermo-powder, thermal analysis


In order to improve the integration of blind people into society, suitable conditions should be provided for them. The expansion of Braille (BR) use could serve the purpose. Depending on the materials used for Braille, it can be formed or printed in different ways: embossing, screen printing, thermoforming, digital printing.

The aim of this research is to determine the effect of thermal properties of screen printing inks and inks with thermo-powder on the qualitative parameters of Braille.

Screen printing inks and inks with thermo-powder were chosen for the research. Carrying out the qualitative analysis of printouts with Braille, the thermal stability was evaluated by analyzing the thermograms obtained with derivatograph Q-1500.

This paper presents the findings of the thermogravimetric (TG), differential thermogravimetric (DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) of printouts printed on paperboard Plike and using traditional screen printing inks and screen printing inks with thermo-powder.

Based on the testing findings it is determined that thermal stability of printouts printed with thermo-powder ink is higher than printed with screen printing inks. It is determined that the appropriate temperature range of screen printing inks with thermo-powder drying is 98 ºC – 198 ºC because in this case better relief of Braille dots is obtained.