A New Route for Evaluating Short Chain Branching Distribution of High Density Polyethylene by Measuring Crystallizability of Molar Mass Fractions
Keywords:linear polyethylene (LPE), bimodal high-density polyethylene (HDPE) PE100, short chain branching (SCB), size exclusion chromatography (SEC), High Performance DSC (HPer DSC), Lab Connections (LC) Transform
AbstractA bimodal high density polyethylene (HDPE) has been successfully fractionated by analytical size exclusion chromatography into molar mass fractions with Mw's ranging from 3.6 kg/mol to 8 000 kg/mol, and subsequently deposited on germanium disks using the Lab Connections Transform method. After removal of the fractions from the disks, having masses in between 10 µg - 150 µg, differential scanning calorimetry has been successful in measuring the (re)crystallization and melting behavior of these fractions. Comparing the crystallization and melting peak temperatures of the fractions with those of narrow molar mass linear polyethylenes points to the HDPE being linear below and short chain branched above 100 kg/mol respectively. This value coincides roughly with the 'split' between the molar mass distributions resulting from the first and the second polymerization reactor - confirming the addition of 1-butene in the second reactor.
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