Prediction on the Mechanical and Forming Behaviors of Ferrite-Martensite Dual Phase Steels Based on a Flow Model
Keywords:stress-strain response, deep-drawing cup forming, unconstrained cylindrical bending, ferrite-martensite dual phase steel
An innovative flow model incorporating the mixture hardening law, anisotropic yield function, and incremental strain formulations was elaborated and applied to DP590 ferrite-martensite dual phase steel. To verify the flow model, both the macro/micro stress-strain responses and the forming patterns of DP590 steel with different martentite contents were simulated during the processes of the cup deep-drawing and the unconstrained cylindrical bending to evaluate the influence of martensite content on the mechanical and forming behavior of the steel. It was found that maternsite content has a significant impact on the macro/micromechanical and forming behavior of the steel, i.e., the ferrite and steel effective stresses and the effective macro/micro-strain distribution in the cup. Under the unconstrained cylindrical bending, the simulated effective maximum macro/micro-strains were in good agreement with the calculated results from the mixture law-based model. It was concluded that the Buaschinger effect is the main reason for an 8 % error between the simulated and experimental results. The flow model was proved to predict the macro/micro flow and forming behavior of the dual phase steels with a good accuracy.
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